Experts call for more exploration of rare earth sector

Experts call for more exploration of rare earth sector

Press Trust of India  |  Thiruvananthapuram 

Rare earth experts have called for more exploration of the sector to bridge the demand-supply deficit of these elements due to increasing needs the world over.

India has enormous potential in the sector as it has a long coastline rich in deposits but it has to ramp up its indigenous production, Prof Sidney J L Ribeiro, Institute of Chemistry, Sao Paulo State University, UNESP, Brazil said.

In this regard, he said private sector can play a crucial role in managing the demand-supply deficit.

Prof Stefan Lis, Head, Rare Earth Department, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland, said since 2010 there was a big gap in production of rare earth elements and demand due to increasing needs, especially for magnets and phosphorous.

Ribeiro said China retains 90 per cent of Rare Earth business globally.

“Rare Earths are very important for critical applications and every country has been focusing on the ways and means to get rare earth minerals,” he said.

V Subramanian, Director of Tamil Nadu based V V Minerals, one of the major players in heavy minerals in the country, said more exploitation of rare earth minerals would trigger a huge manufacturing revolution in the country.

These rare earth elements were very critical components in solar cells, magnets besides windmills, motors, automobiles and defence electronics, he said.

India has the highest monazite reserve in the world with 11.39 million tonnes.

“Monazite is the richest rare earth raw material available in the world with close to 60-65 per cent of total rare earths,” he said.

Though, public sector IRE is dealing with rare earth for more than 50 years now, ‘they are hardly contributing to it.’

While India was making efforts to increase production of heavy minerals such as monazite and rare earth elements, these fall short of present requirements, he said.

“The shortfalls are also because private companies are barred from producing monazite, due to its applications in nuclear power production, with public sector companies, such as Indian Rare Earths Ltd, being dominant producers in India,” he added.

Stressing the need for achieving self-reliance in this critical sector, he said with limitations of public sector units in matching global standards of production, it was time to permit private sector entities to process monazite from their existing facilities.

The experts were addressing a three-day International Conference on Science, Technology and Applications of Rare Earths, which concluded here yesterday.

Source : http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/experts-call-for-more-exploration-of-rare-earth-sector-115042600388_1.html

தாது மணல் பிரச்சனை என்பது உள்நோக்கம் உள்ளது

மோனோசைட் என்னும் அணுசக்திக்கான அரிய மணல் சைனாவில் விலை குறைவாக கிடைப்பதால் இந்தியா 2004-ல் இருந்தே உற்பத்தியை நிறுத்தி விட்டது – பாராளுமன்றத்தில் மத்திய அமைச்சர் தகவல்

சைனாவில் விலை குறைவாக மோனசைட் கிடைக்கும் போது இந்தியாவில் இருந்து சட்டவிரோதமாக தாது மணலை கடத்த வேண்டிய அவசியம் இல்லை.

தாது மணல் பிரச்சனை என்பது உள்நோக்கம் உள்ளது என்பதை இந்த செய்தி நிரூபிக்கிறது.

Source : http://www.dinamani.com/india/2015/04/28/%E0%AE%85%E0%AE%A3%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%9A%E0%AE%95%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%A4%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%95%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%95%E0%AE%BE%E0%AE%A9-%E0%AE%85%E0%AE%B0%E0%AE%BF%E0%AE%AF-%E0%AE%AE%E0%AE%A3%E0%AE%B2%E0%AF%8D-%E0%AE%87%E0%AE%A8%E0%AF%8D/article2786358.ece Dinamani news

 

மோனோசைட் உள்ள மணலை பிரிக்காமல் கப்பலில் அனுப்ப முடியாது – மும்பை அணுசக்தி துறை துணைத்தலைவர் திரு.பட்டாச்சார்யா தகவல்

மோனோசைட் பிரித்தெடுக்கும் போது தோரியம், யுரேனியம் போன்றவை கிடைக்கிறது. இதனை பிரித்தெடுப்பது மத்திய அரசு துறைகளில் மட்டுமே உள்ளது. இதனால் வேறு யாரும் இதனை பிரித்தெடுக்கவோ, கடந்தவோ முடியாது. அது போன்று கடத்தல் எதுவும் நடக்கவில்லை. மோனோசைட்  உள்ள மணலை பிரிக்காமல் கப்பலில் அனுப்ப முடியாது. துறைமுகத்தில் ரேடியேசனை வைத்து கண்டுபிடித்து விடுவர். இதனால் இதில் தவறு நடக்கவும் வாய்ப்பு கிடையாது – மும்பை அணுசக்தி துறை துணைத்தலைவர் திரு.பட்டாச்சார்யா தகவல்

நன்றி : தினமலர் (07.04.2015 நெல்லை பதிப்பு)

dinamalar - 7.4.15

India should get inspiration from Australia and Canada

Pele Mountain Resources to develop rare earths processing centre

Demand for rare earths is increasing as they are used in many high-tech products including electric vehicles and wind mills

TORONTO—Pele Mountain Resources Inc. has entered a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Chinese investment company Sheng Kang Ning (SKN) to develop rare earth processing facilities in Elliot Lake, Ont.

The facilities will be located at Pele’s Eco Ridge property, and will process imported monazite.

Sheng Kang Ning (Shanghai) Mining Investment Co. Ltd. (SKN) owns proprietary technology for environmentally sustainable processing of rare earths. They also have experience in the design, construction, and operation of processing facilities.

A number of proposed terms are set out in the MOU. Among them, SKN will own 50.1 per cent of the joint venture and Pele will own 49.9 per cent. SKN’s processing technologies will be used for the project, pending approval of Chinese authorities. A portion of Pele’s land will be leased to the joint venture for construction of the facilities. SKN will design and construct the facilities, or nominate a qualified third party. Lastly, SKN’s duties for operating the facility will be set out in the definitive agreement.

Pele President Al Shefsky said the proposed joint venture is a sign of the project’s great potential. “The MOU represents a strong endorsement for Pele’s monazite processing strategy, and is an important first step to bringing the experience and expertise of a proven global leader in rare earth processing to our project in Elliot Lake, Ontario.”

The MOU is non-binding and will expire unless a definitive agreement is reached by September 30, 2015.

Pele has reported plans to import monazite because it offers higher-grade rare earths than the ore and tailings present in Elliot Lake. The higher grade allows significant production from relatively low tonnage, resulting in a lower capital expenditure.

Pele previously mined rare earths and uranium at Eco Ridge. But recent market conditions won’t support that type of large mining operation, the company reported. The expansion of their business into monazite is meant to establish them as leader in rare earths, and support development of Eco Ridge once the market improves.

Demand for a reliable supply of rare earths is increasing as they are used in many high-tech products including electric vehicles and wind mills.